03 November 2009

Gladio. Is that it?

A simple search of Eur-Lex (access to European Law) using the search term Gladio gives two results.

"RESOLUTION on the Gladio affair

Official Journal C 324 , 24/12/1990 P. 0201


"WRITTEN QUESTION No. 727/91 by Mr Luigi COLAJANNI to European Political Cooperation. Clandestine ' Gladio' network

Official Journal C 202 , 10/08/1992 P. 0003

The website doesn't provide anything further, so I reproduce below the notes from the Official Journal.


2. Gladio

— Joint resolution replacing B3-2021, 2058, 2068, 2078 and 2087/90


on the Gladio Affair

The European Parliament

  1. having regard to the revelation by several European governments of the existence for 40 years of a clandestine intelligence and armed operations organization in several Member States of the Community,

  2. whereas for over 40 years this organziation has eluded all democratic controls and has been run by the secret services of the states concerned in collaboration with NATO,

  3. fearing the danger that such clandestine networks may have interfered illegally in the internal political affairs of Member States or may still do so,

  4. whereas in certain Member States military secret services (or uncontrolled branches thereof) were involved in serious cases of terrorism and crime as evidenced by various judicial inquiries,

  5. whereas these organizations operated and continue to operate comletely outside the law since they are not subject to any parliamentary control and frequently those holding the highest government and constitutional posts have claimed to be in the dark as to these matters,

  6. whereas the various 'GLADIO' organizations have at their disposal independent arsenals and military resources which give them an unknown strike potential, thereby jeopardizing the democratic structures of the countries in which they are operating or have been operating,

  7. greatly concerned at the existence of decision-making and operational bodies which are not subject to any form of democratic control and are of a completely clandestine nature at a time when greater Community cooperation in the field of security is a constant subject of discussion.

1.    Condemns the clandestine creation of manipulative and operational networks and calls for a full investigation into the nature, structure, aims and all other aspects of these clandestine organizations, any misuse thereof, their use for illegal interference in the internal political affairs of the countries concerned, the problems of terrorism in Europe and the possible collusion of the secret services of Member States or third countries;

2.    Protests vigorously at the assumption by certain US military personnel at SHAPE and in NATO of the right to encourage the establisment in Europe of a clandestine intelligence and operation network;

3.    Calls on the governments of the Member States to dismantle all clandestine military and paramilitary networks;

4.    Calls on the judiciaries of the countries in which the presence of such military organizations has been ascetained to elucidate fully their actual extent and modus operandi and to clarify any action they may have taken to destabilize the democratic structures of the Member States;

5.    Requests all the Member States to take the necessary measures, if necessary by establishing parliamentary committees of inquiry, to draw up a complete list of organizations active in this field, and at the same time to investigate their links with the respective state intelligence services and their links, if any, with terrorist action groups and/or other illegal practices;

6.    Calls on the Council of Ministers to provide full information on the activities of these secret intelligence and operational services;

7.    Instructs its Political Affairs Committee to consider holding a hearing in order to clarify the role and impact of the 'GLADIO' organization and any similar bodies;

8.    Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Commission, the Council, the Secretary-General of NATO, the governments of the Member States and the United States Government.


by Mr Luigi Colajanni (GUE)
to European Political Cooperation

(23 April 1991)
(92/C 202/05)

Subject: Clandestine 'Gladio' network

There have been many reports, including those based on official sources, on the existence of a clandestine parallel intelligence and armed operations organization.

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on 22 November 1990 (1) calling for a full investigation into the activities of this organization.

Having regard to paragraphs 5 and 6 in particular of the above resolution:
  1. Can EPC provide the European Parliament with information on the activities of these secret intelligence and operational services?

  2. Can it report on any action which these services have taken to destabilize the democratic structures of the Member States and on their involvement in subversive and terrorist plots which have led to various unexplained violent events in recent years?

(1 Minutes of proceedings of the sitting of 22 November 1990.

(13 July 1992)

The question raised by the Honourable Member has not been discussed within the EPC framework.

Is that it?

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